Date : 14-08-2018 11:39
INTRODUCTION: As rightly quoted “with great power comes great responsibility”, in the Indian scenario power can correspond to the fundamental and other rights and privileges granted to an Indian citizen. With these set of multiple rights that have been made available to a citizen, there is a duty to value the rights of other citizens.
Fundamental duties form a part of our constitution which is to be upheld by every person enjoying fundamental and other rights. These duties were inserted in the constitution by the 42nd amendment in the year 1976 and been provided in article 51A of the constitution of India. The ground around which the fundamental duties are built up is based on moral, ethical and code of conduct principles. Following are the fundamental duties of an Indian citizen as spelled out in the constitution:
- Ø To abide by the constitution and respect its ideal and institutions.
- Ø To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
- Ø To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India.
- Ø To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
- Ø To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional diversities, to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
- Ø To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
- Ø To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures.
- Ø To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
- Ø To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
- Ø To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
In the beginning, there were only 10 FD’s but in 2002 with 86th amendment 11th one was added saying-
- Ø To provide opportunities for education to the children between 6-14 years of age and parents to ensure that such opportunities are being awarded to their child.