Date : 12 Jun, 2019
Post By Shreya Mintri
labour has been a consistent problem in India over the decades. Nearly 13% of
workers in India constitute of children. It is a global and social concern
because this just does not affect the country, it’s hope and future but also
these children both physically and mentally. In India, around 10.1 million
children engage in child labour. It is most prevalent in states of UP, Bihar,
Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
The government, seeing the exigency of this situation has formed many rules and regulations over the years to prevent child labour which is listed below:
1.The Factories Act of 1948:
Section 22 of the Act mentions that no child or the young adult shall be allowed to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of the machinery which could expose them to risk of injury from any moving part of any machinery.
Section 23 of the Act states that no child or the young adult shall be allowed to be employed on dangerous machinery.
Section 27 of the Act prohibits children to be employed in any part of the factory for pressing cotton in which a cotton-opener is at work.
2.The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966 :
Section 24 of this Act states that the employment of children in this industry is strictly prohibited.
3. Plantation Labour Act, 1951 :
Section 25 of the Act defines women and children can be employed only between 6:00 am to 7:00 pm. For employment beyond these hours, the employer must take state permission for employment.
4. Domestic Workers (Registration Social Security and Welfare) Act, 2008:
Section 14 of the Act suggests that no child shall be employed as a domestic worker or for any such incidental or ancillary work which is prohibited under any law.
5. Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986:
This act prohibits the engagement of children in certain employments and to adjust the conditions of work of children in certain other employment.
Celebrating the World Day Against Child Labour 2019, we look back at a century of struggle and forward to future challenges and opportunities. We strongly believe that, if consciousness about the downsides of child labour is escalated across the nation and strict policing of these acts and regulations are done, India can at least start to fight the issue of child labour and eventually eradicate it. Every individual must understand how important it is for children to grow and study, as they are the future and vision of the nation.
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