A court marriage is a legally recognised way for two people to become married. It is carried out in court in accordance with Ahmedabad's different legislation. It permits couples to be married regardless of their caste or religion. The Indian Constitution's Article 21 guarantees everyone the freedom to marry the person of their choosing. In Ahmedabad, there are numerous laws pertaining to judicial marriages and marriage registration. These laws may include the Indian Christian Marriage & Divorce Act, the Special Marriage Act, the Hindu Marriage Act, the Anand Marriage Act, etc.
Traditional marriage is not at all like court marriage. All rites and ceremonies are carried out in traditional marriage ceremonies. However, all court weddings take place in front of a marriage registrar and witnesses in a courtroom setting.
Notification of marriage: Notifying the district marriage commissioner of your intention to get married is the first step in the judicial marriage process. Filling out the court marriage application form (included in Schedule II of the Special Marriage Act, 1954) is one way to accomplish this. You can obtain this from online resources as well. This form is to be submitted to the district officer in the district where either spouse resides thirty days prior to the wedding day.
Publication of the Notice: The district marriage registrar posts the notice in his office for public viewing for 30 days after receiving notification. Anyone can object to the marriage during this time if they believe it violates the Act and the eligibility requirements it outlines. As per Section 7 of the Special Marriage Act, an individual who has any objections to the intended marriage can voice them within 30 days after the notice being published.
When such an objection is submitted, the marriage registrar verifies its legality. When the registrar is reasonably satisfied with the authenticity of the objection, the judicial marriage procedure will be concluded. In such cases, the partners may submit an appeal to the relevant district court against the marriage registrar’s decision. If no reasonable objections are expressed, the officer may proceed with the court marriage procedure as specified by the court marriage regulations.
Day of Marriage: According to Section 12 of the Special Marriage Act, the bride and groom, along with three witnesses, shall sign a declaration form in front of the marriage registrar or at a location that is sufficiently close to the registration office. The agreement between the spouses to continue the Ahmedabad court marriage must be stated in the declaration.
Marriage Certificate: The marriage certificate will be issued by the marriage officer once all processes have been completed. Three witnesses and both parties must sign this certificate. The judicial marriage is conclusively proven by such a certificate.
The costs associated with a court marriage vary by state. Each state is free to establish its own laws governing judicial marriages. As a result, state differences exist in the court marriage fee schedule. Therefore, before submitting an online application for a court marriage certificate, partners planning a marriage are encouraged to check the application fee and any other fees associated with the court marriage procedure.
Under the Hindu Marriage Act and the Special Marriage Act, the standard court marriage fees for applications are Rs. 100 and Rs. 150, respectively. Apart from this, there are a few more fees and levies that one would have to pay.
Q1: What is the minimum age requirement for court marriage in Ahmedabad?
A: The minimum age requirement for court marriage in Ahmedabad is 18 years for females and 21 years for males.
Q2: What are the documents required for court marriage in Ahmedabad?
A: The documents required for court marriage in Ahmedabad include the application form, proof of date of birth, proof of residence, affidavits stating marital status, passport-size photos, and ID/address proof of witnesses.
Q3: How to apply for court marriage in Ahmedabad?
A: To apply for court marriage in Ahmedabad, one must submit the application form and necessary documents to the district marriage officer where either party resides. The application form can be obtained online or from the marriage officer's office.
Q4: How long does it take to get married in court in Ahmedabad?
A: The court marriage process in Ahmedabad takes at least 30 days. After submitting the application, a notice of intended marriage is published, inviting objections. If no objections arise within 30 days, the marriage officer solemnizes the marriage and issues a certificate.
Q5: How much does it cost to get married in court in Ahmedabad? A: The court marriage fees in Ahmedabad vary, covering application, marriage officer, certificate, and lawyer fees. Approximate costs range from Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 15,000.
Q6: What are the benefits of court marriage in Ahmedabad?
A: The benefits include being a simple, quick, and economical way of marriage, recognized by law without religious or social ceremonies. It's open to all, providing a legal marriage certificate.
Q7: What are the disadvantages of court marriage in Ahmedabad?
A: Disadvantages may include lack of acceptance in some communities, potential social stigma, non-fulfillment of cultural expectations, and incompatibility with personal laws or customs.
Q8: How to get a court marriage certificate in Ahmedabad?
A: To obtain a court marriage certificate in Ahmedabad, apply to the marriage officer with the original marriage certificate, ID proofs, and the prescribed fee. The officer verifies details and issues the certificate.
Q9: How to change the name after court marriage in Ahmedabad?
A: After court marriage, change the name by publishing a name change advertisement, obtaining a name change affidavit, submitting it with necessary documents to the gazette office, obtaining a gazette notification, and updating official documents.
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