Unlike a regularly solemnized marriage, Court Marriage is an economical and hassle-free alternative that lets couples from a different nationality, religion, and caste to solemnize and register their union through a simple procedure which is carried out in the presence of a marriage registrar and 3 witnesses.
Individuals looking to tie a knot under the Special Marriage Act can opt for court marriages to legalize their marriage in an economical and hassle-free manner.
Under Section 4 of The Special Marriage Act, the following rules are listed for court marriages in India:
The parties must meet the necessary conditions as listed in the act before signing the Civil Marriage Contract.
Neither of the parties should already be in a marriage while applying for the court marriage in india. If the previous spouse is deceased or divorced, then the court marriage can be obtained.
The parties entering the court marriage procedure must be doing so at their own free will i.e. there should be no pressure made on them for doing the same and neither of the parties should be of an unsound mind while entering into the procedure of court marriage.
Court marriage can only take place if both the bride and groom are of age as legally accepted in India i.e. for the bride it should be 18 years and above and for the groom it should be 21 years and above.
The parties to the marriage should not fall within the degree of prohibited relationship.
Perform the traditional marriage ceremony according to your respective customs and rituals.
Register the marriage officially with the local government body.
Submit a notice of intention to marry to the marriage officer of the district where at least one of the parties has resided for not less than 30 days.
Once the notice is accepted, it is published and open for objection for a period of 30 days.
In case of objections (if any) during this period, address them within the prescribed time frame.
Arrangement for three witnesses to be present during the registered marriage before the marriage officer.
Sign the marriage certificate provided by the marriage officer after successful completion of the legal procedures.
Eligibility Criteria For Court Marriage In India :
Under the Act, the marriage officer can solemnize a court marriage in india between the bride and the bridegroom if the following conditions are met at the moment of marriage:
Both the bride and groom do not have a living spouse.
The bride and groom: are not incapable of giving valid consent to the marriage due to unsoundness of mind, are not suffering from a mental disorder of such a kind or extent that makes him/her unfit for marriage and childbearing, and have not been subject to recurrent attacks of insanity.
The bridegroom is 21 years old, and the bride is 18 years old.
The bride and groom are not involved in an unlawful relationship.
The specific laws and regulations governing court marriage and marriage registration in India can vary from one jurisdiction to another. To provide a general overview, we will mention some common laws and legal aspects that are often associated with court marriage and marriage registration in many countries:
Marriage Laws: Every country has its own set of laws that govern the institution of marriage. These laws define the legal age for marriage, the prohibited degrees of relationship, and other essential aspects of marriage. It's important to consult the marriage laws of your specific jurisdiction to understand the legal requirements.
Marriage Registration: In most places, marriages need to be registered with the appropriate government authority. Registration ensures that the marriage is legally recognized and provides proof of the union. The specific registration process and requirements can vary, so you should follow the guidelines set by your local government.
Notice of Marriage: In some jurisdictions, couples intending to marry are required to provide notice of their intent to marry within a specified period before the wedding. This allows for any legal objections to be raised.
Marriage License: Many places require a marriage license to be obtained before the marriage ceremony. This document typically includes information about the couple, the date and location of the marriage, and the officiant's details.
Officiant Requirements: The person who conducts the marriage ceremony (often a judge, justice of the peace, or a religious leader) may need to be authorized by the state to solemnize marriages. The qualifications and requirements for officiants can vary.
Witnesses: Witnesses are often required to be present during the marriage ceremony and may need to sign the marriage certificate as proof of the union.
Marriage Certificate: After the marriage ceremony, a marriage certificate is usually issued. This document serves as official proof of the marriage and is often required for various legal and administrative purposes.
Legal Age: Laws typically specify a minimum legal age for marriage. In some places, individuals under this age may marry with parental consent or judicial approval.
Divorce and Remarriage: Laws regarding divorce and remarriage can vary, and there may be waiting periods or other requirements for individuals who have previously been married.
Specific Religious or Cultural Requirements: Depending on your faith or cultural background, there may be additional requirements or customs associated with your marriage.
It's crucial to consult the laws and regulations of your specific jurisdiction to ensure that you meet all the legal requirements for court marriage and marriage registration in your area. Additionally, seeking legal advice or assistance from a family law attorney can be beneficial to navigate the process smoothly and ensure compliance with local laws.
The parties in India must pay the court marriage fee to the marriage officer's office. The cost of a judicial marriage varies by state. Court marriage fees typically vary from Rs.500 to Rs.1000.
Legal recognition with rights and responsibilities.
Simplicity and efficiency.
Flexibility in scheduling.
Privacy and intimacy.
Minimal religious or cultural restrictions.
Lower social pressure.
Legal documentation with a marriage certificate.
Simplified divorce process.
A lawyer's role in a court marriage can vary depending on the specific circumstances and the needs of the individuals involved. Here are some of the key ways in which a lawyer can assist in a court marriage:
Legal Guidance: A lawyer can provide legal advice to the couple, explaining the legal requirements and procedures for court marriage in their jurisdiction. They can ensure that the couple understands their rights and responsibilities.
Document Preparation: Lawyers can help prepare the necessary legal documents, including the marriage license application, affidavits, and any other required paperwork.
Witness Arrangement: If witnesses are needed for the court marriage, a lawyer can help the couple arrange for suitable witnesses and ensure they meet the legal criteria.
Conflict Resolution: In cases where there may be disputes or issues related to the marriage, a lawyer can mediate and help resolve these conflicts, ensuring a smooth and legally valid marriage.
Compliance with Local Laws in India: Lawyers ensure that the marriage complies with all local laws in India, preventing potential legal issues down the road.
Marriage Registration: Lawyers can assist in the proper registration of the marriage in India with the appropriate government authority, ensuring that the marriage is legally recognized.
Pre-nuptial Agreements: If the couple wishes to establish pre-nuptial agreements or define property and financial arrangements, a lawyer can help draft and formalize these agreements.
Handling Special Circumstances: Lawyers can assist in cases involving unique circumstances, such as international marriages, interfaith marriages, or marriages involving individuals with prior legal complications.
Legal Representation: In cases where the court marriage involves legal complexities, such as challenges to the marriage's validity, a lawyer can represent the couple in court and protect their legal interests.
Divorce Advice: Lawyers can provide information on divorce laws and procedures, helping the couple understand their legal options should the marriage end in divorce.
It's essential to consult with a qualified family law attorney who is knowledgeable about the laws and regulations in your specific jurisdiction to ensure that your court marriage proceeds smoothly and complies with all legal requirements. The extent of a lawyer's involvement can vary based on individual needs and circumstances.
A matrimony lawyer in india will be your best bet to go ahead with the court marriage procedure. A lawyer would know, how to fill the form and take a date thus making the process smooth for you.
Draft notice of intended marriage shall be prepared on your behalf.
You will then be required to select the jurisdiction of where you want to get your marriage solemnized.
The lawyer will set up a mutually convenient time for you, your partner and the three witnesses to meet at the office of the marriage registrar to conduct a final check of documentation. Upon finalization, Notice of intended marriage will be filed.
The marriage officer will publish the notice and invite objections to the intended marriage within 30 days of publication.
In case an objection is raised, the Marriage Officer will decide on the objections after giving the parties an opportunity to present their case. If the objections are found to be true, the marriage cannot be solemnized.
In case of no objections or removal of objections after 30 days of Notice publication, based on a mutually convenient time, you and your partner along with the same three witnesses will appear before the marriage officer to sign a declaration and get the marriage solemnized.
After signing the declaration, the marriage officer will issue a marriage certificate. The marriage certificate will have to be signed by the parties and three witnesses. Upon signing of the document, the marriage certificate will be issued to the couple.
The complete procedure of court marriage in india will take 30 days including notice period, registrations etc. *Any additional work required by the advocate before/after making undertaking the above-mentioned procedure for court marriage shall be charged to the client.
The complete procedure of court marriage in india will take 30 days including notice period, registrations etc.
*Any additional work required by the advocate before/after making undertaking the above-mentioned procedure for court marriage shall be charged to the client.
Requirements from the three Witnesses individually:
consultation with domain expert lawyers
4,500+ consultations facilitated
Dedicated case managers
15,000+ empanelled lawyers