Date : 19 Jan, 2019
Post By admin
Indian Penal Code, The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law.
IPC, 1860 is the set of rules that are made by our Constitution by looking at which all the courts in India have to give punishment to the culprits. The code that governs the country So If you were wondering how someone gets a sentence to death and someone merely a fine of a thousand rupees and is set free. You have come to the right place.
IPC is applicable to entire India except for the states of Jammu & Kashmir. Every law in the Indian Constitution are important and none’s unimportant.
There are other 2 acts which are also used during the criminal proceeding which the government implemented when he felt the urge of it that is the CRPC act 1973(Code of Criminal Procedure) and the Indian evidence act 1872.
There are a lot of things covered inside IPC, but some things are important even for any layman. Now some of the sections listed below are really important for each and every Indian to be aware of.
IPC Section 509 – If one utters any word or gesture or sound or exhibit anything which can in a way lead to attack the modesty of women shall be punished with imprisonment which may exceed up to a term of one year or with fine or both.
IPC Section 420 – If any organization or individual is dishonest with you and in any way produces or delivers false or fake products or property to one (Cheating Case) then he or she shall be liable for punishment of imprisonment up to 7 years or liable to pay fine.
IPC Section 363 A – Whoever kidnaps or maims any minor while not being the lawful guardian of minor for the purpose of begging shall be liable for upto life imprisonment and shall be liable to fine.
IPC Section 295 – If one willingly destroys or damages any place of worship with intent to insult any religion task. If one tends to disturb any assembly of people involved in religious worship or ceremony(Section 296). Or If someone utters any word, sound or gesture which hurts the religious feeling of anyone(Section 298) then he or she is liable to be punished for the imprisonment of up to one year or pay fine or both.
IPC Section 322 – Whoever voluntarily causes hurt on himself/herself is liable to be punished and by looking at the seriousness of the crime that includes (Seeing the weapon by using which a person is hurting himself/ herself). One shall be punished for imprisonment from one year to imprisonment up to 10 years and also shall be liable for fine.
IPC Section 510 – If one appears in a public place being drunk and conduct any annoyance to any other person, He or she shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend upto 24 hours or fine up to 1000 rupees or both.
IPC Section 489 B – If you are knowingly using a counterfeit note to buy something or other person is buying something and giving you a counterfeit note shall be liable to be punished with imprisonment of up to 10 years or fine or both.
IPC Section 465 – If you put a signature or Stamp or electronic signature of any other person or authority of any organization without his concern whether the person exists or deceased will be said to commit forgery(IPC Section 464) and the person committing forgery shall be punished with imprisonment up to 2 years or with fine or both.
IPC Section 279 – If someone is caught anywhere for reckless driving which includes but is not limited to driving a vehicle that is likely to cause hurt or accident to any other person is liable to be punished with imprisonment of up to 6 months and liable for a fine of 1000 Rs or with both.
IPC Section 287 – If Someone works with any Machinery(Section 287), Explosives(Section 286), fire or combustible matter(Section 285), poisonous substance(Section 284),have Animals(Section 289) and act recklessly or negligently so as to be a threat to other human life or is likely to cause injury to another person shall be punished for an imprisonment up to Six Months and also is liable to pay a fine from 200 to 1000 rupees for the same.
Here there are certain general defenses which are available to an accused person to claim innocence and they include:
a) Plea of act caused "trivial harm"; (Section 95, IPC)
b) Plea of "acts done under involuntary intoxication"; (Sections 85 and 86, IPC)
c) Plea of "acts done while being insane or suffering from mental abnormality"; (Section 84, IPC)
d) Plea of "acts done with consent"; (Sections 87 to 93, IPC)
e) Plea of "acts done under death threat"; (Section 94, IPC)
f) Plea of acts done to protect one's own property; (Sections 97(2), 99, 103, 104, 105, IPC)
g) Plea of "Accident" and "Misfortune"; (Sections 80 and 81, IPC)
h) Plea of "being a child under seven years; or a child below twelve years, being unable to appreciate the consequence of the illegal acts done"; (Sections 82 and 83, IPC)
i) Plea of acts done for Self-defence; and plea of self-defense extends to action protecting other persons also; (Sections 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 106, IPC)
j) Plea of "acts judicially sanctioned"; (Sections 77 and 78, IPC)
k) Plea of "acting in good faith in the mistake of fact" (Sections 76 and 79, IPC)
While there are more sections that are equally important but these are the ones everyone should know about.
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