Framework for Freedom

Framework for Freedom

Date : 26 Nov, 2019

Post By Bhupender Tanwar

National Law Day, also known as Samvidhan Diwas and Constitution Day, is celebrated on November 26 each year to pay tribute to the Constitution of India. Over the years, Indian law has seen many amendments and upliftments. We, as a nation, have been trying to make the legal system better and more advanced so that better justice is served to one and all.


We take this opportunity to throw light on a few bills and reforms that have taken place in India in 2019.


In the first session of the Parliament after the Lok Sabha elections, the Parliament passed some landmark bills like repealing of Article 370, geographical reorganisation of Jammu and Kashmir, Triple Talaq Bill, New Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill creating the record for maximum Bills passed in the last 67 years.


  1. The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019

Introduced in Rajya Sabha on 5 August 2019, by the Minister of Home Affairs, Amit Shah, The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation bill provides for the state of Jammu and Kashmir to be converted into the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh respectively. 

Salient features of revoking of Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir:

- No Dual citizenship

- Central Laws can directly be applied on the UT

- No separate laws for Jammu and Kashmir

- Indian citizens from other states can buy land and property there

- No two flags shall be promoted

- There will be elections every 5 years

- The centre can declare a financial emergency under Article 360

- Police will be managed by the Centre

 

  1. The Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2019

Introduced in Lok Sabha on 25 July 2019, by the Minister of Finance, Nirmala Sitharaman, this bill amends the Companies Act, 2013 in the following manner:

- Ensuring compliance of the default and prescribing stiffer penalties in case of repeated defaults.

- De-clogging the NCLT

- Re-introduction of the declaration of commencement of the business provision

- Greater accountability with respect to filing documents related to creation, modification and satisfaction of charges

- Non-maintenance of the registered office to trigger the de-registration process

- Holding of directorships beyond permissible limits to trigger disqualification of such directors


  1. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill, 2019


Introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister of Finance, Nirmala Sitharaman, on 24 July 2019, The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill provides a time-bound process for resolving insolvency in companies and individuals where the target companies or individuals are unable to repay their outstanding debts.


  1. The Code on Wages, 2019


Introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Labour, Santosh Gangwar on 23 July 2019, The Code on wages 2019 seeks to regulate the wage and bonus payments made to employees in industries, trade, businesses or manufacturing units. The code is acted in replacement of the following four laws:

- The Payment of Wages Act, 1963

- The Minimum Wages Act, 1948

- The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965

- The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

 

  1. The National Medical Commission Bill, 2019


Introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Dr Harsh Vardhan on 22 July 2019, The National Medical Commission Bill seeks to repeal the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 to provide for a better medical education system.

 

  1. The Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019


Introduced in Lok Sabha by The Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Jitendra Singh on 19 July 2019, The RTI (Amendment) Bill seeks to amend the RTI Act, 2005.

 

  1. The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019


Introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani on 18 July 2019, The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill amends the protection of children from sexual offences such as sexual assault, sexual harassment, pornography and others.

 

  1. The Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2019


Introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister for Law and Justice, Ravi Shankar Prasad on 15 July 2019, The Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill contains provisions to deal with domestic and international arbitration and it also defines the laws for conducting conciliation proceedings.

 

  1. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019


Introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari on 15 July 2019, The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill provides for the grant of licenses and permits related to motor vehicles, standards for motor vehicles, and penalties for violation of these provisions.


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