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A Will has the following important characteristics: The will can only take effect after the death of the testator. A Will is a form of a legal declaration of such intention. The declaration must involve the manner of disposal of property. The Will can be revoked or altered during the lifetime of the testator As per the Indian Succession Act, 1925, the person making the Will must be of:- Age Sound mind Moreover, Section 59 states that an individual ordinarily of unsound mind may make a Will during the interval of the soundness of his/her mind. The section prohibits an individual from making a Will during the state of intoxication or illness which makes him/her incapable of understanding the consequences of the act. Details to be included in a will are:- Details of the testator - The name, age, address, and other details shall help in identifying who is making the will and when it is being drawn. Declaration - It is very important that the testator declares that he/she is of sound mind and free of any coercion while drawing the will. Details of the beneficiary- The details of who shall be benefiting out of this will and to whom the assets shall be divided should be given. The details to be included are their name, age, address, and relation to the testator. The executor of the will - It is very important to appoint an executor who would ensure that the will is carried out according to the directions provided by the testator. The name, age, address, and relation to the testator should be specified as well. Details of property and assets - It is pertinent to list out all the details of the assets and properties that a testator has and shall be covered in the will. He/she can also list out any other specific assets present. Division of share- The share that each beneficiary has on the property or the specifics of who shall get what is to be listed in full detail. If the asset is to be given to a minor, then a custodian for the minor should also be listed in the will. Specific Directions - The testator should give directions in terms of executing the Will and should specify if there are any instructions. Witness - There should be a signature by the testator in the presence of at least 2 witnesses. The witnesses do not need to know the details of the will; they just have to verify that the signature by the testator was done before them. Signature - The testator should sign with the date on the will after the last statement. Is registration of a Will mandatory? The Registration Act, 1908 provides a list of documents for which registration is optional. Wills are covered under clause (e) of section 18 of the Registration Act, 1908. Thus, Registration of a Will is not compulsory and depends on the choice of the testator. Typically, the testator will have to visit the office of the sub-registrar of the area for registration of his / her Will. The personal appearance of the testator before a government official with the original Will adds to the reliability and trustworthiness of the Will. A registered will provide strong legal evidence against challenges about the mental capacity of the testator to make a Will (whether due to illness or due to influence of alcohol or medication etc.). Importance of registration of will - Registration reduces the chances that the Will may be challenged as being a forgery. However, other challenges to a Will as being signed under the undue influence are still open. The other advantage of registration is that the Will is in safekeeping at the office of the Registrar. The Will may only be withdrawn from the Registrar by the testator or his agent during his lifetime. On the testator’s death, the Registrar may permit an applicant to take a copy of the Will. However, the original Will is still kept in the deposit with the Registrar. This ensures that the Will does not tamper with subsequent to the testator’s death. In the case of a registered Will, all subsequent Codicils should also be registered. Any non-registered alterations, modifications, explanations, or deletions are not accepted by courts.
What is Will?
Essentials of a valid Will:-
Who can make a Will?
What should be included in a will?
A Will has the following important characteristics:
The will can only take effect after the death of the testator.
A Will is a form of a legal declaration of such intention.
The declaration must involve the manner of disposal of property.
The Will can be revoked or altered during the lifetime of the testator
As per the Indian Succession Act, 1925, the person making the Will must be of:-
Details to be included in a will are:-
Signature - The testator should sign with the date on the will after the last statement.
Is registration of a Will mandatory?
The will shall be drafted/prepared by a lawyer / legal expert based on the client’s unequivocal and distinct intention. The drafted will shall then be submitted to the client for approval.
Once approved, a date will then be fixed for the Will registration in the Sub Registrar office.
The person will then be required to pay the government registration fees.
The testator and 2 witnesses will then visit the sub-registrar office on the fixed day for registration.
Once signed by the person and the 2 witnesses, the registered will shall be collected after a week and delivered to the client.
The procedure of issuance of Will shall take between 7-8 days. *Any additional work required by the advocate before/after drafting the will and its subsequent registration shall be charged to the client.
The procedure of issuance of Will shall take between 7-8 days.
No specific documentation is required to draft a will. A mere unequivocal and clear intention to devolve one’s property is needed.
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